From the short story unit I taught during student teaching
Lit Terms Review: Pre-reading
Motivation – the reason why a character thinks, acts or feels a certain way.
Ex. Laurie in “Charles” – misbehaves because he desires attention
Ex. Narrator of “Tell-Tale Heart” – wants to kill the old man because the vulture-like eye bothers him
Ex. Sakkaro family in “Rain Rain Go Away” – stay out of the rain because they will die if they get wet.
Conflict – struggle between opposing forces
Ex. Sqeaky in “Raymond’s Run” –
man vs. man = she races Gretchen
man vs. self = she is tempted to throw the race
Ex. Ma in “War Party” –
man vs. man = she constantly battles other people for respect. (Mr. Buchanan)
man vs nature = migrants race the elements, can’t pass through the mountains in the winter
Irony – contrast between what is expected and what occurs
Ex. – Mrs. Wright in “Rain Rain Go Away” – is surprised when she finds how clean and normal the Sakkaro’s house is
Ex. – Lauries mother in “Charles” – is shocked to learn that it is her beloved son that is the bad child Charles
Mood – feeling that a literature work conveys to the reader
Ex. – “Tell-Tale Heart” – creepy, spooky, scary feelings felt by its readers = “vulture of an eye,” talk of committing murder, “every night about midnight,” “my thumb slipped upon the tin fastening”
Suspense – feeling of growing tension and excitement
Ex. – “Charles” – Laurie’s stories get his parents excited about meeting Charles’ parents, the suspense comes as the PTA meeting draws near
Ex – “Raymond’s Run” – the whole story readers are told of Sqeaky’s running abilities (she never lost a race), the day of the big race comes, will she win?
Ex – “Rain Rain Go Away” – the Sakkaro’s look at the sky, listen to weather reports, etc. At the picnic they hear of a storm, will they make it home on time?
Favorite subject is marine life
William Wymark Jacobs
Born in Wapping (wopping), London
At the age of 16 began work as a clerk in the civil service
Around WWI began to adapt his short stories into plays
Wife was a suffragette
158 stories, 5 novels, 2 novellas
Stories took place along London docks
Mother died when he was young
Spent time with siblings at their father’s wharf